We recently got the Canon 1D C here at our shared Vienna office (together with Sebastian Wöber and Johnnie Behiri) from Canon Austria to test. It’s a camera that we all were very excited about, and Johnnie already shot a very nice and promising test of its beautiful S35 mode with it last week (click here to see it).
Watch what I shot during a few hours here – thanks a lot to Phil Arntz for helping out!
You can DOWNLOAD the ungraded 13GB 4K ProRes Master file from my server by clicking here. No guarantee how long this will last before I run out of bandwidth!
I waited for the first sunny winter day in Vienna in a LONG time (seriously, it’s so foggy here in winter) to take it out and mainly focus on its 4K function. The impressive feature of the 1DC is the fact that it records 4K internally using the MJPEG QuickTime codec. You probably have read my extensive C500 review and seen the short film “ALEX”, then you also know the problems regarding the acquisition (because it requires an external recorder to record 4K).
Not so the Canon 1DC – however, MJPEG is not a very efficient codec and it isn’t really made for acquisition, so you end up with a lot of data that needs to be churned through. Canon’s biggest problem right now is that they don’t really have proper codecs in their arsenal. Panasonic and Sony have been building codecs forever, but that’s a unchartered territory for Canon, so they have to license what they can to be used in their cameras.
So, MJPEG in the 1DC: A 128GB card gives you just over 32 minutes of recording time at 4K. Plus, the cards need to be FAST.
A lot of banding in the opening shot – don’t go below ISO 400 on the Canon 1DC!
Compact Flash Cards
You absolutely need to use 1000x cards, which are the most expensive ones out there, otherwise your recording will be interrupted because all the other cards aren’t fast enough to write that much data. Any known brands like the Lexar UDMA 7 1000x 128GB card costs around €650. Per piece. Yep, that’s for 32 minutes recording time. Way too much!
Luckily my pals James Miller and Philip Bloom have discovered the unknown brand Komputer Bay (yes, really, that’s how you write them), and they offer a 1000x UDMA 128GB card for €200 (or $240). Sweet. I ordered it and shot with it, and voilá, perfect! Works perfectly even at permanent 4K recording. No need for much more expensive better known brands.
Katharina Dietl, my intern Phil Arntz and I were planning to do a real full-on mini documentary with the camera, but all three ideas fell through for various reasons – so we decided to head out and walk through the city in sunshine and simply be happy with some pretty images without a narrative (something that I really try to avoid these days when testing new cameras – because nothing tells you more about how a camera performs than on a ‘real’ job).
Anyway, that’s what we had to go with, and so I tried to point it at as many detailed backdrops as possible. That means wide angle shots and deep focus (also utilizing the 1.3x field of view of the 4K mode), using my Tokina 11-16mm (an EF-S lens, but it doesn’t vignette on the 1.3x crop from around 13-16mm, and in the full frame mode from 15-16mm). That and the superb Canon EF L 70-200mm f/2.8 were the two lenses that I mostly used.
It’s very ironic that deep focus wide angle shots now amazing using a Canon DSLR, because those are exactly the shots which were always problematic for cameras like the 5DmarkII, 5DmarkIII, 7D, T2i, T3i, 60D …
I intentionally went to some of the same locations where I shot the Canon 550D short “FEBRUARY” (click here for the original post) almost exactly 3 years ago. It was the first film shot with Canon’s then-brand new cheapest DSLR. Now I revisited some locations (like the ice skating area in front of the city hall) with Canon’s most expensive DSLR, and shot some slow motion again. It’s up to you to compare the image though :-)
Frame grab from a 4K shot in the Canon 1DC test short “Hyber Nation”
4K & full frame slow motion
With Johnnie already demonstrating how strikingly awesome and sharp the 1.6x S35 crop mode on this camera looks (without any noticeable aliasing or other artifacts), I was happy to only focus on 4K and the some slow motion stuff shot in the full frame mode at 60p. For that, I put the camera into NTSC mode (as usual, there’s only 50p in PAL mode), and then I played it back at 24p in the 4K timeline in Final Cut Pro X (using Conform Speed, more about the edit below).
The full frame mode is noticeably softer than the S35 crop mode (and of course the 4k mode), but it’s the only way to utilize the whole sensor area and also the only way to shoot 50p or 60p.
Banding and ISOs
Unfortunately I learned right after my day of shooting outside that the ISOs below 400 suffer from bad banding artifacts in the 1DC. James Miller posted his evaluation of the banding on Philip Bloom’s blog, so I immediately checked my shots – and banding was all over the place, because I shot a lot at ISO 160 etc. in broad daylight (I used the Heliopan Fader ND on some of the shots, but not always, as I wanted deep focus on most stuff anyway).
There’s no way you can see the banding on the small screen of the 1DC, and that’s all that I went with – I intentionally tried to use the camera as it is without any accessories (not even a Z-Finder).
So nothing I could change, really! The banding became worse in grading. I will regrade this with Film Convert and replace the Vimeo video as soon as I can and make it look prettier … only did basic levels correction and some saturation adjustments from the original C-Log. I shot C-Log in 4K and sometimes the “flat” picture profile in full frame modes.
The nice low light driving shots at the end were filmed by my intern Phil Arntz, and he went up with the ISO’s quite a bit for that, 3200 and 6400 ISO mostly. The amount of noise is comparable to the C100/C300/C500.
I will post another 1DC test short that we shot on the same day, we just need to get permission first (location owner).
Graded high ISO still from the Canon 1DC
The native MJPEG shots from the 1DC did not play smoothly in either Premiere or Final Cut Pro X, so I transcoded them into 4K ProRes files (normal ProRes), and then they played back smoothly in FCPX on my new 27″ iMac. Phil Arntz edited the other (yet unpublished) 1DC short on my MacPro (2008, 8-core), and even there the 4K ProRes played back smoothly in Final Cut Pro X. Pretty impressive!
I upscaled all the 60p full frame shots to 4K and cropped off top and bottom to fit it the slightly wider 4K aspect ratio. So you can definitely see the difference between these shots, but I think it works. There’s one shot of ice skaters from top, the first one in the short is in 4K, the other one is 1080p full frame 60p. There is of course a significant difference but I think played back at lower resolution it’s perfectly acceptable to mix the two.
Regarding slow motion in Final Cut Pro X: I was pretty impressed that clips can be conformed to the timeline frame rate by simply a click. In Final Cut Pro 7, there was a separate application called Cinema Tools with the sole purpose of conforming the frame rate of a clip to a different playback frame rate. So if you shot 60p and wanted it to play back at, say, 24p in Final Cut Pro, you needed to reconform it with a separate app and save it as a new file (or overwrite the existing one). Now, you simply drop your 60p file into the 24p timeline, and select “conform clip” from a sub-menu – voilá, playing back 60p at 24p, thereby creating slow motion without frame interpolation. No problem even in my 4K timeline.
The Canon 1DC has impressive latitude despite its 8bit codec.
There has been a lot of discussion online about whether the 1DC is simply a firmware-tweaked 1DX or not. No matter what, it is a camera that delivers remarkable videos image – not only remarkable for DSLRs, remarkable for any camera these days. Having a quite amazing 4K camera at this size, without fan (! … try to compare that to a Red Epic or Canon C500) is quite something … basically 4K whereever you go, and all of that with internal recording. Amazing. Yes, it’s 8 bit, but it’s good enough for 90% of what most people are shooting anyway.
Nevertheless, there are shortcomings in the video mode that should have been addressed. There’s no peaking or zebras, two things I come to expect from something that is marketed to video shooters. The punch-in zoom function only works when not recording (yes, still the same), but at least you can move it around unlike on the C100/C300/C500, and it looks like it’s pixel-per-pixel. Without that mode I would have been completely lost focusing wise.
Last but not least, the banding in ISOs lower than 400 is something that needs to be addressed via firmware updates by Canon. It’s a serious issue and really hampers your possibilities, forcing you to use strong ND filters (or faders) when shooting out in the sun. The native ISO of the 1DC is unknown to my knowledge, but I assume it will be around 800 or 850 like on the other C cameras, so it would be best to stick around that as much as possible – yet it would still be nice to be able to use the lower ISO’s if need be.
By releasing the 1DC, Canon has finally proven that they are indeed serious about putting proper video functions into their DSLR line. It’s their first serious attempt, so let’s not be too demanding. The Canon 1DC definitely is the most versatile and accessible professional 4K camera on the market right now.
EU: Get 5% discount at A.F. Marcotec with CODE: 311213SWBC1DC (880€ off). See link below.
Camera Operator: Nino Leitner
Watch it on Vimeo