Are Our Lights Worse Than We Thought? LED Light Accuracy And The TLCI

Our friend Dan Chung from recently published a fascinating interview with Alan Roberts. We can best describe Alan as UK’s most respected camera tester who spent his career at the BBC evaluating and creating standards.
Since his retirement from the BBC he has continued to test independently and you may well have come across one of his white papers while researching your camera purchase.

Alan’s thoughts on “how to test and evaluate LED lights” go hand in hand with what we keep hearing from some LED manufacturers who are concerned that industry rivals are misleading their customers by indicating CRI (Colour Rendering Index) values as the most important factor about LED light accuracy, while in practice, this old “measuring standard” is actually borrowed from the architectural world when measuring lights for offices, shops and factories is required…

Based on a research done by BBC colleagues, Alan has created a new way to test lights and compare them scientifically bringing a better way to evaluate different light sources. The solution is the TLCI (Television Lighting Consistency Index) which, although not an approved international standard, is recommended by the EBU and is finding success among manufacturers.

The TLCI takes a measurement of the spectral power distribution of a luminaire, using a spectroradiometer. It then analyses the performance of the luminaire in the context of television. It awards a single number value to the luminaire, on a scale from 0 to 100. The significance of the numbering is the same as the CRI, but with important differences. Unlike the CRI, where a score of greater than 90 is widely regarded as the minimum for television use, the TLCI-2012 scores are more spread out:

85 to 100 – errors are so small that a colourist would not consider correcting them

75 to 85 – a colourist would probably want to correct the colour performance, but could easily get an acceptable result

50 to 75 – a colourist would certainly want to correct the errors, and could probably achieve an acceptable result, but it would take significant time to get there

25 to 50 – the colour rendering is poor, and a good colourist would needed to improve it, but the results would not be up to broadcast standard

0 to 25 – the colour rendering is bad, and a colourist would struggle for a long time to improve it, and even then the results may not be acceptable for broadcast

All of Alan’s LED light accuracy test results are published in the guild of television cameramen site and can be dowloaded from here. In order to help you understand the categories on the list, here is a short description made by Alan:

CCT – (correlated colour temperature)
d-(distance), If values are grater then 1, lights results are not particularity reliable.
Qa- That’s the TLCI score. The higher the number, better the light.

It is striking to see how poorly some leading manufacturers like Gekko, Manfrotto and Litepanels with their 1×1 panels did in terms of LED light accuracy. On the other hand, Litepanels Astra and a relatively young company by the name “Fiilex” with their  Fiilex 100 did extremely well!

LED Light Accuracy

Head to for the full interview Dan did with Alan

Watch it on Vimeo

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Ryan O'Rourke Reply
Ryan O'Rourke March 5, 2015

Such a GREAT post!

Johnnie Behiri March 5, 2015

Thank you Ryan.
The credit goes to Dan for a great interview!

Scott March 5, 2015

Would be interested to see how a budget brand like F&V rates

Johnnie Behiri March 10, 2015

Hi Scott.

According to the information given to me from F&V their UltraColor line has a TLCI of 95+-1

Thank you


 Scrub Go Reply
Scrub Go March 5, 2015

I would have to disagree will ALL of this. Unless I am missing something in the supplied links they seem to be strictly comparing and scoring based on the delta between stated color temperature and measured color temperature. CRI is MUCH more important because it relates to issues of metamerism. For example a graph of the color of light from tungsten lamps is a nice smooth curve and easy to deal with. Fluorescent lamps and some LED’s would have distinct separate lines in the spectrum due to emission of photons of discrete wavelengths by mercury and other minerals and compounds. The absence of specific colors of light in my mind is a bigger issue than the simplistic single-dimensional measurement of color temp.

Johnnie Behiri March 10, 2015

Hi Go Scrub.

I want to believe that after so many years in the business Alan knows what he is talking about, nevertheless, your comment is very important. If you are interested I’m happy to try and pass your concerns to Alan and ask for his response.
You can find our mail address at the “contact” section.

Thank you!


Jacob Griffith March 17, 2015

This is a great and insightful interview. I’m very happy to hear that new standards are emerging which aim to replace the old clumsy CRI. Alan Roberts is really doing a great job. He did, however, make a little slip-up at 4:43, where he says that white LEDs are gallium arsenide (GaAs) blue LEDs with phosphor coatings. He got the gallium part right. Most white LEDs use indium gallium nitride (InGaN) LEDs with various types of phosphor coating to fill in the remainder of the visible spectrum, making white light. The dominant wavelength of InGaN blue LEDs is tuned by varying the ratio of Indium to Gallium. Everything else he says is exactly correct.

Steeve Lavoie Reply
Steeve Lavoie July 14, 2015

Great work, you can also measure TLCI index with the smart spectrometer the meter communicate with bluetooth to the ipad and the ipad computer TLCI, CCT in kelvin and many more…