Canon XF405 Review – Sample Footage and First Impressions

With the introduction of the new Canon XF405, XF400, LEGRIA/VIXIA GX10 – as well as the whole of Sony’s new line – one can assume that the fastest growing market for news and documentary shooting is coming in the form of 4K (UHD), handheld 1” sensor-size cameras. It is not that we haven’t had them before, but they certainly have been getting better and more feature-rich with time. When it comes to affordability… well, it totally depends on who you are talking to and the model you choose.

If you are an independent filmmaker looking for an all-round shooting device that can produce a bit of a cinematic look thanks to a slightly larger sensor than those traditionally found in these type of cameras, or if you’re a broadcaster looking to equip news crews with a versatile and affordable piece of equipment, then the Canon XF405/400/LEGRIA GX10 might be the right cameras for you. Sound tempting? Then read on for my full Canon XF405 review.

Before continuing, it is important for me to make it clear that the image coming out of the camera I tested may be slightly different than that of the final product.

XF405 vs. LEGRIA GX10. Spot the differences

I recently had a chance to shoot with a pre-production unit of the new upcoming Canon XF405. This model and its two stripped-down siblings – the XF400 and the LEGRIA GX10 – are completely identical when it comes to sensor size, resolution, frame rates and image quality. The major difference is connectivity. The top XF405 model has all the In/Out goodies in the form of HDMI and SDI. The middle XF400 has everything the XF405 has to offer, minus the SDI ports. On the lower consumer end, we will find the (significantly cheaper) LEGRIA GX10. In terms of In/Out connectivity, it is similar to the XF400, except that it doesn’t take the additional XLR hand grip and, as a result, the camera can only record two audio channels. Therefore, please regard this review as valid for the other models too.

XF405 vs. LEGRIA GX10 output connectivity


XF405 – 4 Audio recording channels

User Experience

There is something quite retro in the design of this camera – something I happen to like – but that retro feeling ends as soon as you power on the camera, as you will quickly discover that Canon decided to equip this new line with its famous Dual Pixel Autofocus. Remember the days when the word “autofocus” was a total no-go in the pro jargon? Well, those days are gone forever thanks to Canon’s expertise in the field of autofocus. I felt the camera lived up to its expectations 95% of the time, nailing the focus point I chose by either tapping on the screen, following an action or a person, or by switching to manual focus and taking advantage of the Dual Pixel Focus Assist. Seeing those two little triangles align together and turn green is a real relief, especially when using the modern fly-by-wire built-in lenses. Speaking of which, I have to salute Canon for creating such a responsive focus ring. The size, grip and resistance are very nice indeed.

I really like the upper dual SD card slots: they are very sensibly placed, which makes them very easy to use. In addition, I find the 15x zoom lens (focal length range of 25.5 to 382.5mm 35mm film equivalent) to be very useful. I love shooting wides, and this camera allowed me to do so without needing to add a wide-angle adapter. Also, when it comes to creativity, the camera offers slow motion in full HD up to 120fps.

Now, as no camera perfect, I would have wished for the joystick currently located on the rear left side of the camera to have been on the right side, as its current placement forced me to use two hands constantly, to the point of annoying me quite a bit.

XF405 in/out ports

The other thing to consider when dealing with this camera is its variable maximum aperture (f/2.8-4.8). As the Newsgathering market is constantly looking for ways to save money, cameras like these often end up in the hands of untrained reporters and operators who find it hard to understand why the image gets darker when they zoom in. I truly hope that Canon will consider consider equipping these 1 inch-sensor cameras with constant-aperture lenses.

Last but not least, if you travel a lot for your assignments, bear in mind that the camera is regional, meaning that you can either get it in PAL or NTSC formats.

Picture Quality

I found the picture quality to be adequate for a 1-inch sensor-sized camera. Of course, some noise is visible especially when shooting indoors, but it is tolerable and will not distract you from enjoying the image itself. Rolling shutter is well controlled, unless you zoom pretty much all the way in and move the camera rapidly.

Other important points to consider

4K 50/60p is fast becoming the new Newsgathering standard, and it is good to see Canon implementing it in its new line of 1-inch sensor cameras. Speaking of standards, the camera will record 10-bit 4:2:2 color full HD at 35Mbps (only 8-bit internally), which might not be accepted by all broadcasters. It should be noted, though, that this 35Mbps image looks very robust.

Canon XF405 pros (in no particular order):

  • Easy to use (especially for one-man-band documentary situations)
  • Adequate picture quality for a 1-inch camera
  • 4 audio channels
  • Dual SD card slots (upper card loading is very welcome)
  • 4K (UHD) up to 60 fps
  • Up to 120 fps in HD mode
  • 15x optical zoom lens which offers a focal length range of 25.5 to 382.5mm (35mm film equivalent)
  • Good EVF
  • 3 steps of built-in ND filters (1/4, 1/16, 1/64)
  • Depending on the model, the cameras offer a whole range of standard connectivity like SDI/XLR/LAN input/output
  • Very good autofocus (Canon’s Dual Pixel system)
  • Easy manual focusing thanks to the Dual Pixel Focus Guide function and a responsive focus ring
  • LCD touchscreen allows for easy focus shift
  • The wide end of the lens is wide enough for most shooting scenarios
  • Wide DR Gamma picture profile is very welcome
  • Image stabilisation works well
  • Rolling shutter is well controlled, but will be visible when using the tele end of the lens

XF405 Wide DR Gamma setting

Canon XF405 cons (in no particular order):

  • Not a world camera (either PAL or NTSC)
  • Internal 4K recording signal is 4:2:0 8-bit
  • External 4K recording is only available via HDMI 2.0 and is at 4:2:0 8-bit 50P 
  • Internal Full HD recording is 4:2:0 8-bit
  • Full HD data rate is up to 35Mbps only (the standard data rate for broadcast is 50Mbps)
  • Simultaneous internal recording is not available when recording externally
  • No constant aperture
  • Limited picture profiles and absence of C-LOG
  • Camera fan can’t be switched off (On and Automatic modes only)
  • Joystick is located on the left hand side, forcing you to use two hands when navigating the menu
  • Expensive unless you choose the consumer LEGRIA GX10 version
  • No aspect ratio markers

XF405 Fan can not be switched off

Canon XF405 Review Conclusion

The Canon XF405 camera has a compact and portable design. The absence of a C-LOG picture profile, ISO settings (dB marking only), and “creative” aspect ratio markers can indicate that this camera was designed to catch the attention of news crews on a budget or independent documentary filmmakers. This camera doesn’t pretend to be something that it is not, and that’s perfectly fine! With proven autofocus capabilities, ease of use, a good lens and those pleasant Canon skin tones, the XF405/XF400/LEGRIA GX10 might appeal to those who are on the run (&gun) but looking for the extra touch when attempting to harness the aid of a large-sensor aesthetic look into their creative productions.

Man at work – Photo credit: Tomer Bar-erez

Camera settings for the above video: Shot on the Canon XF405, 4K (UHD) 25p. Wide DR Gamma preset. Color enhancement was done with filmconvert 

Music provided by Art-List Track: Befun – No Vocals by The Town Shop

Special thanks: Christian Mayer, zuckerl werkstatt

Could one of these new Canon cameras find its way into your kit list? Let us know in the comments.

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Henry EcksteinJohnnie BehiriDaniel BinderLiam LyallEduardo Portas Recent comment authors
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 Henry Eckstein
Henry Eckstein

I have absolutely NO ISSUES with the Canon XF405!

From an industry perspective after having shot
Sony HDCam 4:2:2 and 4:4:4 video for quite a
many years, these newer Canon cameras offer
comparable low-noise and of course 4K UHDTV
and GREAT autofocus which our older HDcam
camera did not have! I can also say an XF405
is a LOT LIGHTER than a 15+ KG HDcam shoulder
held camera!

For newshooters, record at 4K 60 fps (USA)
or 50 fps (Europe) and simply scale down
the 4K footage to 4:2:2 colour 1920 by 1080 pixels (HDTV)
for broadcast using a “Lanczos-3” image resizer
algorithm/filter and then use an “Unsharp Mask”
filter afterwards on the fastest laptop you
can afford. You can re-encode to HDTV 4:2:2
H264/H265 for sending footage over the internet
to the broadcaster from your news-gathering assignment
or out to my preferred suggestion of Cineform 4:2:2 or Apple
Pro-Res 4:2:2 for best documentary editing useability.

The Lanczos-3 is the BEST image resize algorithm out there
and the “Unsharp Mask” enhances object edges to make your
picture seem sharper and more detailed.

if you’re more on the documentary side of things,
BEFORE you do the Lanczos-3 resize and Unsharp Mask,
you can also boost the overall brightness by 5% to 15%,
increase contrast by 5% to 10% and add about 5% to 10%
more colour saturation to make your Canon video look
more “Filmic”!

This counteracts the 4:2:0 colour sampling
of the camera and restores “Punchiness” to
that slightly desaturated Canon look!

It works for me when using the Canon handhelds.
If you’re using a Canon 6D, Canon 7D, 5D Mark 3/4
or even their pro-level EOS 1D and C200/C300 cameras
I do the same thing to make my video look more cinematic.

 Eduardo Portas

Thanks for the info. Great sample video, as always. I suppose this is a given, but I’m keen to know if this camera allows image magnification while recording to fine tune focus? Does it have a dedicated magnification button? Thanks!

James Davis

Brian we were just talking about the XF yesterday hhaha

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